This is my first blog in a series of blogs to help educate people on the true history of our political parties, government, as well as historical figures. To bring to light history that has been lost, forgotten, and purposely omitted in our schools to ensure our children do not know the full truth which in doing so prevent them from making truly informed decisions with politics, state rights, individual rights, our countries history, and the truth behind our different cultures and the lies that have been told or rather the truths that have not been told in order to sway our citizens thought processes towards history and matters of race and government. Furthermore, I want to stress that my political beliefs or bias, and what party I represent play no role in what is written in these forthcoming posts, they are purely for educational purposes only.
It is very apparent today that the Democratic and Republican parties are very much polar opposites with very few party lines that cross a middle ground, but they actually used to be one, single party called the Democratic-Republican Party. The party was organized by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson in 1791 to stand against the Federalist Party in upcoming elections. It supported states’ rights and the literal and strict interpretation of the Constitution. Because of a heightened fear of anything resembling England’s monarchy, they contested elitism. They hated the Federalists, the wealthy aristocrats who wanted a national bank and increased national governmental power over state governments. Because of these fears the popularity of the party increased throughout the 1790s.
In 1801, Thomas Jefferson’s election into office successfully brought the Democratic-Republican Party to power. The Federalist Party lost the majority of support and disbanded after the War of 1812 leaving them without opposition. However from 1815 to 1832 they started to make mistakes. They had no pressure from anyone anymore and so States began nominating local electors, with their own personal interest in mind. The party eventual split up in 1828 into the modern Democratic Party and the Whig Party. Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren led the Democratic Party along with farmers, urban laborers, and Irish Catholics. They opposed aristocracy, a national bank and pushed to modernize American industry instead of family-based agriculture. They also supported the Mexican-American War and expansion into the western territories. They also opposed anti-immigration legislation and monopolies. While the Whig Party was not as popular it did have access to more wealth giving to more funding and influence.
In 1848, the Democratic National Committee or DNC was created and General Lewis Cass was nominated for candidacy however he lost to the Whig candidate General Zachary Taylor. The reason for this win was due to the Free Soil Party of New York. It was established for one reason and that was to oppose the expansion of slavery into the new western states. It was made up of both Whig and Democratic members who felt that free men on free soil should remain free. They also fought for the rights of free men in many Midwest and northern states and because of this division many democrats voted for General Taylor.
In 1850, Democratic members of Congress passed what is known as the Compromise of 1850, which was a set of bills that attempted to prevent civil war over slavery. The Compromise essentially outlawed slavery in the Western states; however, it also included a bill called the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, which demanded that slaves who ran away to northern states be returned to their “masters” in the South.
Because of division over issues of slavery and anti-immigration in 1852 the Whig Party disbanded leaving the path for Democrat Franklin Pierce to be elected followed by James Buchanan in 1856. Those Democrats who opposed slavery eventually left the party and joined those from the Whig Party in the North to form the Republican Party in 1854.
In 1860, the anti-slavery Republican Party had become immensely popular and delivered their message of anti-slavery and how the Democrats were pro-slavery. This message got Abraham Lincoln elected as the first Republican President.
By the 1900s, the Democratic and Republican parties became the two polar opposite parties we have today. Despite this it is important to remember they started as the same party with the purpose to create a government that is run for and by its citizens.
This is only the beginning I have plenty more to talk about in regards to the origin and platform of the American Democratic Party. So stay tuned for future posts.